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The Importance of Giving Chicken Pox Vaccine in Children

Chickenpox is an infectious disease that is vulnerable to be experienced by children. Chickenpox vaccine should be done since the child turns 1 year. Chickenpox is generally mild, but can cause more dangerous conditions in children. For example, severe skin infections, respiratory disorders, brain damage and even death. The Right Time for Giving Vaccines Chickenpox virus can spread through direct contact with people with chickenpox, even through the air. When people with chickenpox cough or sneeze, the chickenpox virus can spread through the air and transmit other people. This is the basis that chickenpox vaccination needs to be done. Chickenpox vaccine is a vaccine given to prevent the varicella zoster virus which is the cause of chickenpox. This vaccine is made from a virus that has been weakened so that when the vaccine is injected into the body, the body's immune system becomes better at fighting the varicella zoster virus. The Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) re
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Hib Vaccine to Prevent Serious Diseases in Children

Hib vaccine protects your toddler from bacterial infections that cause meningitis, pneumonia, and epiglotitis. If you do not get the vaccine, these diseases have the potential to cause disability and even death. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacterium that causes serious illness which is a class of Haemophilus influenzae bacteria. This bacterial infection usually affects children under 5 years of age. However, adults who suffer from certain medical conditions can also develop diseases due to Hib bacterial infection. Why do you need Hib vaccine? More than 90 percent of Hib bacterial infections occur in children under 5 years old. The highest incidence is found in infants aged 6-12 months. Hib bacteria can live in the nose and throat of healthy people, and usually do not cause any symptoms. Spread through mucus or snot from the throat and nose of the patient, for example when he coughs or sneezes. If you have been in contact with Hib bacteria, children can experience va

The use of the Tetanus vaccine and when to get it

The tetanus vaccine is recommended by the world health organization, WHO, to be given routinely to children, adults, and tourists who will visit an area where cases of tetanus are spreading. Learn about the use of the tetanus vaccine and its immunization period here. Tetanus vaccine is given to someone to prevent bacterial infection of Clostridium tetani which produces toxins and causes muscle stiffness. Tetanus infection can lead to serious health problems to death. Tetanus bacteria are commonly found in soil or mud and enter the body through wounds or open areas on the skin. But it can also be found in animal or human feces. This disease can also affect infants whose umbilical cord care is inadequate. At the time the baby is born, cutting the umbilical cord using an unsterile device has high potential to cause tetanus infection in the baby. Other risk factors that can cause tetanus in infants are born to mothers who did not get the TT vaccine (Tetanus Toxoid), or a history of tet

Influenza Vaccine, Recognize the Benefits to Side Effects

Influenza vaccine is the best protection against flu, especially during the transition season that is susceptible to causing flu. Although it sounds like a mild illness, in fact influenza can cause major problems for some people. Influenza is an acute and contagious viral infection that attacks the respiratory tract. There are two subtypes of influenza virus namely subtype A and B. This virus spreads through the air and physical contact such as shaking hands with people with flu. If left untreated, this disease can trigger a recurrence of concomitant diseases such as asthma, or secondary infections due to bacteria. Complications due to flu are more at risk in the elderly, pregnant women, children aged 6 months to 5 years, medical workers, and sufferers of certain diseases, such as HIV / AIDS, chronic heart or lung disease, and asthma. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the incidence of influenza reaches 5 million cases per year and the death rate from this disease re

The Importance of PCV Vaccine Prevents Meningitis and Other Dangerous Diseases

As the name implies, the PCV vaccine or pneumococcal vaccine protects the body from pneumococcal bacterial infections. Infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemia (severe infections). Permanent damage to the brain, even death can occur in certain cases that are very severe. Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria live in the nasal wall and back of the throat, which in large quantities can cause middle ear canal infections, respiratory tract, meningitis, and sinus cavity infections. Thirty percent of these bacteria are resistant to antibiotics and can be spread through physical contact, sneezing, and coughing. Now researchers have identified more than 90 types of pneumococcal bacteria, and 8 to 10 of them are pneumococcal bacteria that can cause disease in humans. Although pneumococcal infection can occur to anyone, infants, elderly people aged 65 years or older, and people with chronic health problems are more at risk of experiencing it.